Ten scientists who have made an exceptional contribution to mankind can be found below. However they are certainly not the only ones who deserve to be on this list.
- Isaac Newton: (1642-1727) was an English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, alchemist, theologian and natural philosopher. He explained universal gravitation and built the first reflecting telescope.
- Albert Einstein: (1879-1955) was a German theoretical physicist known for developing the theory of general relativity. He is well known for his theories about time, space, gravity, matter and light. His legendary equation is E=mc2. This means that mass and energy are a different form of the identical thing.
- Neils Bohr: (1885-1962) was a Danish physicist who contributed to an understanding of quantum mechanics and atomic structure.
- Louis Pasteur; (1822-1895) was a French microbiologist and chemist who invented pasteurization, created anthrax and the first vaccine for rabies.
- Sigmund Freud: (1856-1939) was an Austrian neurologist who established the discipline of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis.
- Galileo Galilei: (1564-1642) was an Italian mathematician, physicist, philosopher and astronomer who played a vital part in the scientific revolution.
- Antoine Laurent Lavoisier: (1743-1794) was a French biologist and chemist who founded and termed oxygen and hydrogen, helped in constructing the metric system and listed elements.
- Johannes Kepler: (1571-1630) was a German astrologer, astronomer and mathematician. He was a major figure in the scientific revolution of the 17th century and is recognized for his laws with planetary motion.
- Nicolaus Copernicus: (1473-1543) was a Prussian mathematician, physician, astronomer, artist and catholic cleric during the renaissance period. He believed that the sun and not the earth was in the center of our solar system and that the planets moved around it.