What Are The Different Functions Of Cell Organelles?


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Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Cell Membrane

The thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell. The cell membrane is semipermeable, allowing some substances to pass into the cell and blocking others.

The cell is the functional basic unit of  life. It was discovered by Robert Hooke and is the functional unit of all known living organisms.

Cell Wall

Plant cells have a rigid, protective cell wall made up of polysaccharides. The cell wall provides and maintains the shape of these cells and serves as a protective barrier.


The jelly-like material outside the cell nucleus in which the organelles are located.

Organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures energy from the sunlight and converts it into chemical energy.


Granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA tightly coiled around proteins.
Nuclear Envelope

It surrounds the nucleus and lets certain things go in and out of the nucleus.
Structure that contains the cell’s genetic material (DNA) and controls the cell’s activities.

Network of of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape and it is involved in many forms of cell movement.
Small, dense region within most nuclei in which the assembly of proteins begins.


Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use.

Golgi Apparatus

Stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum.

Cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell.


Small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein.


Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates.

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

Has numerous ribosomes on its surface. Proteins synthesized on these ribosomes collect the endoplasmic reticulum for transport through te cell.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

Controls lipids, produces hormones and secretary product (sweat, saliva…) continuation of the outer nuclear membrane.
Sadia Batool Profile
Sadia Batool answered
Cell is comprised of many organelles. All of them have their specific physiology. All of them are there for some specific task to perform when required. Outer covering or cell membrane is for saving the cell from outside environs. This is also accountable for transportation into and out of the cell. Cytoplasm is the main fluid which is involved in keeping all other organelles in suspended form with in the cell. Nucleus is for reproduction of the cell into daughter cells.

Ribosome is accountable for transportation of materials within the cell. Endoplasmic reticulum is providing more surface area to the cell. Mitochondrion is the power house of cell. It is involved in cellular respiration for production of energy. Lysosomes are accountable for cell ending when it deploys in the end. Centrioles in animal cells are responsible for helping during cell division. Plastids in plant cells are involved in giving green colour to plants. All of these organelles are more or less interconnected with one another to work for the proper activities of overall cell. Cellular organelles functions is a vast field. Hope this much detail is quite enough. You may get more in biology books.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Nucleus: Contains Heriditary information and holds information on the manufacture of different proteins
Endoplasmic reticulum: Synthesises proteins and lipids
Golgi Apparatus: Modifies and Packages newly synthesized protein
Lysosomes: Digest unwanted materials in the cell
Mitochondria: Involved in aerobic respiration
Ribosomes: Synthesize proteins
Centriole: Forms spindle fibres during cell division to guide chromosomes
Chloroplast: Performs photosynthesis
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Name 10 cell organelles

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