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What Are The Laboratory Apparatus And Their Functions?

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The type of apparatus and functions a laboratory carries out will differ depending on the purpose of the laboratory in question. For example, a high school lab dedicated to chemistry and physics will not have as much high-tech equipment as a government-based research lab. However, there are some basic tools that the majority of laboratories will provide.

Safety Equipment
  • Safety is very important when working in a lab because individuals will be handling various chemicals that may cause harm if not used correctly. Most laboratories will have eye goggles in order to protect their eyes from any irritating chemical skills or gases, as well as gloves which will protect the skin from encountering any dangerous substances. In addition, you may notice a sink with a faucet on each end which is used specifically for washing your eyes if you do come into contact with any chemicals.
Common Items
  • Laboratory work usually consists of studying small objects and its intricate details, therefore magnifying glasses are likely to be found as well as microscopes which allow you to inspect even more closely. There are a number of these devices that can range in price depending on the quality and intensity of its function.
Measuring Equipment
  • The most common form of measuring equipment found in a lab is cylinders that contain a stabilizing base and small markings indicating various measurements. They are usually used for measuring amounts of liquid substances or irregular objects. Also, a volumenometer may be found in some laboratories, however, it is not a common item. This device measures the volume of irregular objects as well as objects that can experience damage in liquids.
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Beaker - a liquid-measuring container
burette - measures volume of solution
clay triangle - a wire frame with porcelain used to support a crucible
wire gauze - used to spread heat of a burner flame
test tube - used as holder of small amount of solution
forceps - holds or pick up small objects
graduated cylinder - measures approximate volume of liquids
graduated pipette - measures solution volumes
condenser - used in distillation
crucible - used to heat a small amount of a solid substance at a very high temperature
funnel - used to transfer solids and liquids without spilling
thermometer - measures temperature
balance - measures mass of material
pH meter - measures acidity of solutions
centrifuge - separates materials of varying density
pipette - used to transfer measured substances into another vessel
droppers - for addition of liquids, drop by drop
glass funnels - for funneling liquids from one container to another, or for filtering when equipped with filter paper.
Graduated cylinders - for measurement of an amount of liquid. The volume of liquid can be estimated to the nearest 0.1 mL with practice.
Ring stand (with rings or clamps) - for holding pieces of glassware in place.
Test tubes - for holding small samples or for containing small-scale reactions
test-tube holders - for holding test tubes when tubes should not be touched
tongs - similar function to forceps, but are useful for larger items
volumetric flasks - to measure precise volumes of liquid or to make precise dilutions.
Wash bottles - for dispensing small quantities of distilled water.
Watch glasses - for holding small samples or for covering beakers or evaporating dishes.
Wire gauze on a ring - supports beakers to be heated by Bunsen burners
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Anonymous answered
Beaker - a liquid-measuring container
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Iron ring -holds the glassware such as funnel
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Test tube holder : Holds the test tube when heating the fluid inside the test tube ...
Test tubes : Container of fluids or liquids ...

That's all guys , sorry ...

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